Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing: Techniques of - download pdf or read online

By Helen J. Hislop, Jacqueline Montgomery, Barbara Connelly, Lucille Daniels

ISBN-10: 141602350X

ISBN-13: 9781416023500

Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle trying out: ideas of guide exam, eighth variation is the unique instruction manual of handbook review of muscular power. as well as delivering conventional equipment for assessing and grading skeletal muscle functionality, the ebook presents a complete part on muscle anatomy and innervations that rounds out the checking out chapters through linking muscle topography and serve as. This variation encompasses a new DVD of assessments and techniques videos that complement the assessments defined within the book.Helpful tricks and Substitutions containers offer extra suggestions and spotlight muscle substitutions which can take place in the course of a try to make sure higher accuracy in testing.Clearly identifies every one muscle within the physique through a relentless reference quantity that may be came upon listed within the Alphabetical record of muscular tissues by means of area and prepared Reference Anatomy to aid the reader fast establish any muscle.Richly illustrated to obviously express checking out sequences, muscle anatomy, and muscle innervation for extra exact practice.Companion DVD positive aspects video of over a hundred muscle checks illustrating the artwork and means of muscle checking out in a scientific setting.Updated references for every bankruptcy function the most up-tp-date info on hand.

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Additional info for Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing: Techniques of Manual Examination, 8th edition (BOOK + DVD)

Example text

W h e n testing G r a d e 2 a n d below, the results may be a m b i g u o u s , b u t o b s e r v a t i o n and palpation are critical for d e f e n d a b l e results. S e q u e n tially from 2 to 0, the patient will be asked to raise the head ( G r a d e 2 ) , do an assisted forward lean (Grade 1), or cough (Grade 1). If the a b d o m i n a l muscles are w e a k , reverse action of the hip flexors may cause l u m b a r lordosis. W h e n this o c c u r s , the patient s h o u l d be p o s i t i o n e d with the hips flexed with feet flat on the table to disallow the hip flexors to c o n t r i b u t e to the test m o t i o n .

H e a d supported on table. P o s i t i o n o f T h e r a p i s t : Standing next t o patient's head. H a n d for resistance is placed on patient's forehead. Use two fingers only (Figure 2 - 2 3 ) . O t h e r hand may be placed on chest, but stabilization is needed only when the trunk is weak. T e s t : Patient flexes neck by lifting head straight up from the table without tucking the chin. This is a weak muscle group. P o s i t i o n s o f P a t i e n t a n d T h e r a p i s t : Same a s for previous test.

The functions of semispinalis capitis and splenius capitis muscles: An electromyographic study. Anat Rec 1 7 9 : 4 7 7 - 4 8 0 , 1974. Zafar H, Nordh E, Eriksson PO. Temporal coordination between mandibular and head-neck movements during jaw opening-closing tasks in man. Arch Oral Biol 4 5 : 6 7 5 - 6 8 2 , 2000. D. T R U N K EXTENSION Muscle Origin Insertion 89 Iliocostals thoracis Ribs 12 up to 7 (angles) Ribs 6 up to 1 (angles) C7 vertebra (transverse processes) 90 Iliocostals lumborum Tendon of erector spinae (anterior surface) Thoracolumbar fascia Iliac crest (external lip) Sacrum (posterior surface) Ribs 6-12 (angles) 91 Longissimus Tendon of erector spinae Thoracolumbar fascia L1-L5 vertebrae (transverse processes) T1-T12 vertebrae (transverse processes) Ribs 2-12 (between angles and tubercles) 92 Spinalis thoracis (often indistinct) Common tendon of erector spinae T11-L2 vertebrae (spinous processes) T1 -T4 vertebrae (or to T8, spinous processes) Blends with semispinalis thoracis 93 Semispinalis thoracis T6-T10 vertebrae (transverse processes) C6-T4 vertebrae (spinous processes) 94 Multifidi Sacrum (posterior) Erector spinae (aponeurosis) Ilium (PSIS) and crest Sacroiliac ligaments L1-L5 vertebrae (mamillary processes) T1-T12 vertebrae (transverse processes) C4-C7 vertebrae (articular processes) Spinous processes of higher vertebra (may span 2-4 vertebrae before inserting) 95, 96 Rotatores thoracis and lumborum (11 pairs) Thoracic and lumbar vertebrae (transverse processes; variable in lumbar area) Next highest vertebra (lower border of lamina) 97, 98 Interspinals thoracis and lumborum Thoracis: (3 pairs) between spinous processes of contiguous vertebrae (T1-T2; T2-T3; T11-T12) Lumborum: (4 pairs) lie between the 5 lumbar vertebrae; run between spinous processes See Origin 99 Intertransversarii thoracis and lumborum Thoracis: (3 pairs) between transverse processes of contiguous vertebrae T10-T12 and L1 Lumborum: medial muscles; accessory process of superior vertebra to mamillary process of vertebra below Lateral muscles: fill space between transverse processes of adjacent vertebrae See Origin 100 Quadratus lumborum Ilium (crest and inner lip) Iliolumbar ligament 12th rib (lower border) L1 -L4 vertebrae (transverse processes) T12 vertebra (body) thoracis Other 182 Gluteus maximus (provides stable base for trunk extension by stabilizing pelvis) Chapter 3 / Testing the Muscles of the Trunk 37 TRUNK EXTENSION LUMBAR SPINE Grade 5 (Normal) and Grade 4 (Good) T h e G r a d e 5 a n d G r a d e 4 tests for spine e x t e n s i o n are different for the l u m b a r a n d thoracic spines.

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Daniels and Worthingham's Muscle Testing: Techniques of Manual Examination, 8th edition (BOOK + DVD) by Helen J. Hislop, Jacqueline Montgomery, Barbara Connelly, Lucille Daniels

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