By Tannistha Samanta
This quantity intends to re-establish social gerontology as a self-discipline that has pragmatic hyperlinks to coverage and perform. jointly, the chapters improve public debates concerning the ethical, cultural and fiscal questions surrounding getting older, thereby ameliorating the “problems” linked to getting older societies. This quantity is uniquely cross-cultural, theory-driven and cross-disciplinary. It fills a niche within the gerontological scholarship of the worldwide south that's predominantly descriptive and empirical.
Based on unique learn, this quantity examines particularly the sociological query of inequality and its intersection with age, gender, wellbeing and fitness, kin and social family. within the technique, the experiences herein spotlight the original old, institutional and social structures that govern the subjective event of getting older in different contexts globally. in particular, societies in transition together with India, Lebanon, Nigeria, Japan, China, Israel and in Europe are studied whereas connecting the micro-social event of getting older (loneliness, well being, discrimination, relationships and resilience) with greater temporal and political contexts. This workout generates highbrow capital that reformulates hyperlinks among getting older learn and coverage in leading edge methods.
Overall, the amount echoes the worldwide clinical dedication to appreciate the socio-cultural means of getting older in transitional societies and makes use of wealthy possibilities for cross-fertilization of principles, disciplines and strategies to strengthen the gerontological promise of severe inquiry, education and practice.
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Additional info for Cross-Cultural and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives in Social Gerontology
The scarcity/ depletion hypothesis, as referred to by Marks (1977), contends that multiple roles have negative consequences resulting in psychological distress (Gersen 1976; Goode 1960), such that the demands from one role can often result in role strain in another role (Repetti et al. 1989). The hypothesis also asserts that “individuals have a ﬁxed amount of energy and personal resources to allocate across roles” (Bainbridge et al. 2006, p. 490). Therefore, when demands exceed resources, an individual is likely to experience maladaptation, and the onset of a new role could lead to “competing commitments” (Brody 1981).
Several concepts, such as (1) linked lives (2) social pathways, trajectories and transitions, and (3) timing of an event, off-timedness and duration, concepts core to the life course perspective has been extensively used to understand the heterogeneity in experiences of both aging care recipients as well as their caregivers. According to the authors, these concepts are universal and could be applied to any caregiving situation in any cultural context. The life course perspective lays signiﬁcant importance to historical time and space.
4 Moving Forward: On Gerontology’s Future Compared with other scientiﬁc disciplines, gerontology is a late starter. But despite its late start, the pace of growth and the breadth of disciplinary interests is impressive (Bass and Ferrrao 2000). Reflecting on gerontology’s future success as a distinctive and integrated discipline, critics have recognized the multidisciplinary scope of the ﬁeld with a generosity to foster synoptic correlation of diverse viewpoints and ﬁndings (Hendricks and Achenbaum 1999; Bass 2013).
Cross-Cultural and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives in Social Gerontology by Tannistha Samanta