By Walter R. Niessen
Protecting every one point of an incineration facility, from contaminant receipt and garage to stack discharge and dispersion, this reference explores the operation and overview of incineration platforms for harmful and non-hazardous gaseous, liquid, sludge, and sturdy wastes. Highlighting breakthroughs in pollution keep an eye on, the publication discusses advances in fabrics dealing with, waste processing, refractory and fabrics engineering, combustion know-how, and effort restoration to minimize and regulate pollution and pollution within the setting. It encompasses a disk containing spreadsheets for functional analyses of waste features and combustion structures.
Read or Download Combustion and Incineration Processes: Applications in Environmental Engineering, Third Edition (Environmental Science & Pollution) PDF
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Additional info for Combustion and Incineration Processes: Applications in Environmental Engineering, Third Edition (Environmental Science & Pollution)
Latent heat: the heat to change the state of materials, which includes sublimation, fusion, and vaporization. Sensible heat: the heat content related to the temperature of materials. Heat losses: to the walls of combustion systems. Useful heat: delivered to boiler tubes or to materials being heated by the combustion process. The only truly basic energy reference condition for energy calculations is for the case where the materials are at absolute zero (À273:15 C or À459:69 F). 6 C (60 F) is often used as the reference for sensible heat content.
If SO2 is not analyzed selectively (line 17), it is usually reported out as carbon dioxide. If care is not taken to avoid absorption of the SO2 in the sampling and analysis steps, however, it distorts the CO2 =N2 =O2 values. , GC methods) for studies of waste disposal ﬂue gases where the sulfur oxide concentration may be high. LINE 4. Oxygen in the waste organic matter reduces the required combustion air. LINE 12. Moisture entering with the combustion air can be seen to be small and is often neglected.
Ammonium compounds may volatilize and burn. , SO2 or SO3 from sulfate). Sulﬁdes may ‘‘roast’’ to form the oxide and release SO2 . B. Balances Based on Flue Gas Analysis Commonly, the analyst is called upon to evaluate an operating waste disposal system. In such studies, accurate data on the ﬂue gas composition are readily obtainable and offer a low-cost means to characterize the operation and the feed waste. The Orsat analysis is, perhaps, the easiest and most useful test of combustor performance.
Combustion and Incineration Processes: Applications in Environmental Engineering, Third Edition (Environmental Science & Pollution) by Walter R. Niessen