By David Biale
Contradictory stereotypes approximately Jewish sexuality pervade sleek tradition, from Lenny Bruce's hip eroticism to Woody Allen's little guy with the massive libido (and even larger sexual neurosis). Does Judaism in reality unlock or repress sexual hope? David Biale does even more than solution that question as he lines Judaism's evolving place on sexuality, from the Bible and Talmud to Zionism up via American attitudes this present day. What he reveals is a power clash among asceticism and gratification, among procreation and pleasure.
From the interval of the Talmud onward, Biale says, Jewish tradition regularly struggled with sexual abstinence, trying to comprise the virtues of celibacy, because it absorbed them from Greco-Roman and Christian cultures, inside of a theology of procreation. He explores either the canonical writings of male gurus and the choice voices of girls, drawing from a desirable variety of resources that comes with the e-book of Ruth, Yiddish literature, the memoirs of the founders of Zionism, and the movies of Woody Allen.
Biale's historic reconstruction of Jewish sexuality sees the current throughout the earlier and the previous in the course of the current. He discovers an erotic culture that isn't dogmatic, yet a list of genuine humans suffering from questions that experience challenged each human tradition, and that experience relevance for the dilemmas of either Jews and non-Jews at the present time.
By Adolfo García Ortega
Initially released in Spain as El comprador de aniversarios by means of Seix Barral, 2008
English translation via Peter Bush
Hurbinek used to be born and died in Auschwitz. "Nothing is still of him; he bears witness via those phrases of mine," wrote Primo Levi within the Truce. Deeply moved through the unknown tale of that three-year-old boy, Adolfo García Ortega rescues his reminiscence from oblivion via inventing his life—the attainable lives he may have lived had he now not perished, a sufferer to mankind's so much ignominious hour. hence, through growing for him a "life after death," the writer not just will pay homage to the lifeless yet strives to redeem man's noblest facet in the course of the energy of affection and compassion, which no quantity of torment or anguish can ever extinguish.
By Shaye J. D. Cohen
Why are not Jewish ladies circumcised? This unbelievable query, first complex via anti-Jewish Christian polemicists, is the purpose of departure for this wide-ranging exploration of gender and Jewishness in Jewish suggestion. With a full of life command of quite a lot of Jewish sources--from the Bible and the Talmud to the felony and philosophical writings of the center a long time to Enlightenment thinkers and sleek scholars--Shaye J. D. Cohen considers the numerous responses to this provocative query and within the strategy presents the fullest cultural historical past of Jewish circumcision on hand.
By Dan Cohn-Sherbok
Written by means of an skilled college instructor, who's additionally a student and rabbi, this broad textbook provides an unrivalled consultant to the historical past, trust and perform of Judaism. starting with the traditional Near-Eastern heritage, it covers early Israelite background, the emergence of classical rabbinic literature and the increase of medieval Judaism in Islamic and Christian lands. It additionally explores the early smooth interval and the advance of Jewry through the 19th and 20th centuries. Extracts from fundamental resources are used to liven up the narrative and supply concrete examples of Jewish civilization. Judaism: introduces texts and commentaries, together with the Hebrew Bible, rabbinic texts, mystical literature, Jewish philosophy and Jewish theology presents the talents essential to comprehend those step by step explains the way to interpret the main occasions in nearly 4,000 years of Jewish historical past helps learn with dialogue questions about the valuable historic and non secular concerns, contains key examining for every bankruptcy and an intensive bibliography illustrates the advance of Judaism, its strategies and observances, with approximately 2 hundred maps and images. A significant other web site hyperlinks every one bankruptcy to different on-line assets, and provides suggestions on actions and help for lecturers.
By Hannah Arendt
Even if Hannah Arendt isn't really basically referred to as a Jewish philosopher, she most likely wrote extra approximately Jewish matters than the other subject. As a tender grownup in Germany, she wrote approximately German Jewish historical past. After relocating to France in 1933, she helped Jewish adolescence immigrate to Palestine. in the course of her years in Paris, her precept problem used to be the transformation of antinomianism from prejudice to coverage, which might culminate within the Nazi "final solution." After France fell, Arendt escaped from an internment camp and made her method to the US. There she wrote articles calling for a Jewish military to struggle the Nazis. After the warfare, she supported the production of a Jewish place of birth in a binational (Arab-Jewish) kingdom of Israel.
Arendt's unique notion of political freedom can't be absolutely grasped except her event as a Jew. In 1961 she attended Adolf Eichmann's trial in Jerusalem. Her document, Eichmann in Jerusalem, provoked an incredible controversy, which culminated in her digital excommunication from the global Jewish neighborhood. this present day that controversy is the topic of great second look, specially between more youthful humans within the usa, Europe, and Israel.
The booklet of The Jewish Writings–much of which hasn't ever seemed before–traces Arendt’s existence and concept as a Jew. it's going to positioned an finish to any doubts concerning the centrality, from commencing to finish, of Arendt’s Jewish experience.
By Kenneth Seeskin
The Cambridge significant other to Maimonides. Kenneth Seeskin. Cambridge college Press, 2005. 424 pages. (Cambridge partners to Philosophy). ISBN: 9780521525787
One target of this sequence is to dispel the intimidation readers consider while confronted with the paintings of inauspicious and hard thinkers. Moses ben Maimon, sometimes called Maimonides (1138–1204), represents the excessive element of Jewish rationalism within the center a while. He performed a pivotal function within the transition of philosophy from the Islamic East to the Christian West. His maximum philosophical paintings, The advisor of the confused, had a decisive influence on all next Jewish suggestion and remains to be the topic of severe scholarly debate. An enigmatic determine, Maimonides keeps to defy uncomplicated makes an attempt at type. The twelve essays during this quantity provide a lucid and finished therapy of his existence and idea. They hide the resources on which Maimonides drew, his contributions to philosophy, theology, jurisprudence, and Bible observation, in addition to his esoteric writing kind and impression on later thinkers.
By Dario Fernandez-Morera
A finalist for global Magazine's ebook of the 12 months! "The delusion of the Andalusian Paradise is vital analyzing. it's going to quickly locate its position at the cabinets of most efficient educational associations and within the syllabi of pioneering scholars." --Antonio Carreño, W. Duncan McMillan kinfolk Professor within the Humanities, Emeritus, Brown college "I couldn't placed this publication down. the parable of the Andalusian Paradise constitutes a watershed in scholarship. . . . Fernández-Morera brilliantly debunks the myths that for thus lengthy have ruled Islamic historiography and traditional knowledge. We have been watching for this nice breakthrough." --Raphael Israeli, Professor Emeritus of center japanese, Islamic, and chinese language historical past, Hebrew college of Jerusalem "Fernández-Morera examines the bottom of Islamic Spain. . . . this is often an clever reinterpretation of a intended paradise of convivencia." --Julia Pavón Benito, Professor of Medieval Spanish heritage, collage of Navarra "Desperately, desperately wanted as a counter to the mythology that pervades academia in this subject." --Paul F. Crawford, Professor of historic and Medieval historical past, California collage of Pennsylvania "A most suitable booklet. This sober and hard-hitting reassessment demolishes the myths of spiritual tolerance and multiculturalism that experience hopelessly romanticized the precarious coexistence and vicious realities of medieval Spain below Muslim rule. . . . Must-reading." --Noël Valis, Professor, division of Spanish and Portuguese, Yale collage students, newshounds, or even politicians uphold Muslim-ruled medieval Spain--"al-Andalus"--as a multicultural paradise, a spot the place Muslims, Christians, and Jews lived in concord. there's just one challenge with this extensively authorized account: it's a delusion. during this groundbreaking e-book, Northwestern collage student Darío Fernández-Morera tells the whole tale of Islamic Spain. the parable of the Andalusian Paradise shines mild on hidden heritage by way of drawing on an abundance of basic assets that students have overlooked, in addition to archaeological facts just recently unearthed. This intended beacon of peaceable coexistence all started, after all, with the Islamic Caliphate's conquest of Spain. faraway from a land of non secular tolerance, Islamic Spain used to be marked by way of non secular and for that reason cultural repression in all components of existence and the marginalization of Christians and different groups--all this within the carrier of social regulate via autocratic rulers and a category of spiritual specialists. the parable of the Andalusian Paradise offers a desperately wanted reassessment of medieval Spain. As professors, politicians, and pundits proceed to have fun Islamic Spain for its "multiculturalism" and "diversity," Fernández-Morera units the historic checklist straight--showing politically beneficial fable is a fable still.
By Naomi Janowitz
This booklet represents the 1st English translation of Maaseh Merkabah, that's a part of a physique of early Jewish mystical texts often called palace (hekhalot) or chariot (merkabah) texts. via a posh discussion, a rabbi-teacher finds to his pupil the ideas of ascent, tools for touring up during the heavens via recitation of hymns. the instructor provides vibrant descriptions of the heavenly realm, full of flaming chariots and a refrain of angels engaged in praising the deity.
The emphasis within the textual content is on language, at the right recitation of the phrases to accomplish the ritual. the actual concentration is at the divine identify, which are hired in strange methods. the writer relates the constructions of the textual content to the linguistic idealogies. The advanced constructions of the textual content start to spread in gentle of the theories in regards to the ritual functionality of language.
The hymns comprise compliment of the deity and voces magicae, phrases that experience no semantic that means, yet draw realization to sounds of letters in God's identify. on account that God's identify is used to create the realm, the sounds of the identify are inventive, however the identify can't be spoken. The hymns create a multiplicity of Name-equivalents, phrases that experience the useful prestige of the divine identify and which might be hired in ritual. Voces magicae should not rather a lot nonsense as they areextensions of the linguistic conception. the ultimate bankruptcy surveys contemporary theories of formality language after which makes use of the conclusions from the examine to refine the final factor of the connection among the semantic which means of phrases and their ritual efficacy.
The dialogic constitution of the textual content allows the reader to turn into the subsequent scholar in a series going again to the deity via Moses.
By Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz
The crucial Talmud is a masterful advent through Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz to the nice repository of Jewish knowledge, the Talmud. A booklet of profound scholarship and concise pedagogy, the basic Talmud succinctly describes the Talmud’s heritage, constitution, and method. It summarizes the Talmud’s major rules, demonstrates its modern relevance, and captures the spirit of this targeted and paradoxical sacred textual content as a human expression of divine law.
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