By Maria Mutti, Werner E. Piller, Christian Betzler
The Oligocene and Miocene Epochs contain an important stages within the Cenozoic international cooling that led from a greenhouse to an icehouse Earth.Recent significant advances within the realizing and time-resolution of weather occasions happening at present, in addition to the proliferation of reviews on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate structures, invite us to reconsider the importance of those carbonate structures within the context of alterations in weather and Earth floor approaches. Carbonate platforms, as a result of a large dependence at the ecological specifications of organisms generating the sediment, are delicate recorders of adjustments in environmental stipulations on the planet surface.The papers incorporated during this detailed e-book deal with the dynamic evolution of carbonate platforms deposited throughout the Oligocene and Miocene within the context on climatic and Earth surfaces approaches targeting climatic traits and controls over deposition; temporal adjustments in carbonate manufacturers and palaeoecology; carbonate terminology; facies; strategies and environmental parameters (including water temperature and creation intensity profiles); carbonate manufacturers and their spatial and temporal variability; and tectonic controls over structure.
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Additional info for Carbonate Systems During the Olicocene-Miocene Climatic Transition: (Special Publication 42 of the IAS) (International Association Of Sedimentologists Series)
J. E. (2001) Correlation of late Miocene to early Pliocene sequences between the Mediterranean and North Atlantic. Paleoceanography, 16, 164–178. , Schulz, M. and Erlenkeuser, H. (2005) Impacts of orbital forcing and atmospheric carbon dioxide on Miocene ice-sheet expansion. Nature, 438, 483–487. P. ) (1985) The Miocene Ocean: Paleoceanography and Biogeography. Geol. Soc. Am. , 163, 337 pp. J. and Harris, S. (1997) Miocene evolution of carbonate sedimentation on Ceara Rise: a multivariate data/proxy approach.
In particular, the Cenozoic is characterized by long north-south oriented coasts along the margins of the oceans. We suggest that this, together with the pre-existing anticlockwise oceanic circulation, has favoured the preferential development of upwelling zones along the western margins of continents relative to equatorial upwelling, especially when icehouse conditions enhanced oceanic circulation. The preferential occurrence of coastal upwelling on the western continental coasts preserved large oceanic tropical areas where oligotrophic conditions prevailed.
E. absolute number of reef sites per time-interval) may vary according to the temporal and spatial scales at which it is estimated. When considered at the time scale of supersequences (Golonka & Kiessling, 2002), the abundance of reef ecosystems at a global scale does not show significant fluctuations from the late Palaeocene to the early Oligocene. The global number of reef sites increased markedly during the Chattian–Aquitanian supersequence, this increasing abundance being further accentuated during the Burdigalian–Serravallian supersequence.
Carbonate Systems During the Olicocene-Miocene Climatic Transition: (Special Publication 42 of the IAS) (International Association Of Sedimentologists Series) by Maria Mutti, Werner E. Piller, Christian Betzler