By Christine J. Wade
Scope and content material: "El Salvador is extensively one of the main winning United international locations peacebuilding efforts, yet checklist murder premiums, political polarization, socioeconomic exclusion, and corruption have reduced the standard of peace for plenty of of its voters. In Captured Peace : Elites and Peacebuilding in El Salvador, Christine J. Wade adapts the concept that of elite catch to extend at the notion of 'captured peace,' explaining how neighborhood elites commandeered political, social, and financial affairs ahead of war's finish after which used the peace accords to deepen their keep an eye on in those spheres. whereas a lot scholarship has enthusiastic about the position of gangs in Salvadoran unrest, Wade attracts on an exhaustive variety of resources to illustrate how daily violence is inextricable from the commercial and political dimensions. during this in-depth research of postwar politics in El Salvador, she highlights the neighborhood actors' basic function in peacebuilding and demonstrates the political virtue an incumbent party--in this example, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA)--has through the peace approach and the results of this to the standard of peace that results" Read more...
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Extra info for Captured peace : elites and peacebuilding in El Salvador
Neoliberal economic reforms failed to generate long-term sustainable growth, and Salvadorans increasingly came to rely on remittances to sustain their households. The delays and difficulties associated with the restructuring of the armed forces and the creation of the new civilian police force resulted in a security gap that has had profound consequences for every aspect of Salvadoran society. This book investigates the political, economic, and social aftermath of the peace accords in an effort to illuminate the serious limitations of peacebuilding in what might otherwise be considered a successful peace process.
I then address the implementation of the accords, with particular emphasis on the gap between the content of peace accords and their actual implementation. I also examine the extent to which the incumbent government undermined societal reconciliation through the 1993 amnesty law, which has had significant implications for peacebuilding. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the 1994 “elections of the century” that mark El Salvador’s transition to democracy, as well as the return of the incumbent ARENA party to power.
The “land reform” strengthened the Liberals’ control of the economy and the state by further concentrating wealth in the hands of a select few. 13 Banks were created to facilitate the purchase of new lands. In 1880 Banco Internacional was established as El Salvador’s first commercial bank. Banco Occidental was founded in 1890 and Banco Agricola Comercial in 1895. By the end of the century, there were more than half a dozen banks dedicated to financing the agricultural sector. The availability of land and financing enabled both large and small growers to expand coffee cultivation.
Captured peace : elites and peacebuilding in El Salvador by Christine J. Wade