By Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis
Civil wars allure less awareness than foreign wars yet they're changing into more and more universal and usually cross on for years. the place improvement succeeds, nations develop into steadily more secure from violent clash, making next improvement more uncomplicated. the place improvement fails nations can develop into trapped in a vicious circle: struggle wrecks the economic climate and raises the chance of extra struggle. This new international financial institution coverage learn file demanding situations the idea that civil wars are inevitable and proposes an time table for worldwide motion.
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Extra info for Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports)
Once a country has had a civil war it is far more at risk of further war. This is partly because war leaves the society divided and embittered, and partly because war creates interests that favor continued violence and criminality. As a result, people’s fears of a relapse into further conflict may dominate the postconflict economic landscape. 22 C I V I L WA R A S D E V E L O P M E N T I N R E V E R S E The overall economic and political legacy from civil war is thus sufficiently adverse that rapid recovery is unlikely.
As a result, people’s fears of a relapse into further conflict may dominate the postconflict economic landscape. 22 C I V I L WA R A S D E V E L O P M E N T I N R E V E R S E The overall economic and political legacy from civil war is thus sufficiently adverse that rapid recovery is unlikely. Collier (1999) finds some evidence for a war overhang effect, whereby after short wars the economy continues to have exceptionally low growth. This is consistent with the capital flight story, in that a short war may not give people enough time to shift their assets abroad, so they continue with capital flight even after the war is over.
Community and family members were encouraged to spy on and report on each other, which destroyed trust and planted the seeds of deeply rooted fear. A war against class distinctions was waged, as attempts to level economic status were instituted by making everyone an unpaid agricultural laborer. By destroying all social, political, and economic institutions in this extreme communistic experiment, the brutal Khmer Rouge regime transformed and depleted what little social capital had remained from the Lon Nol period.
Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy (World Bank Policy Research Reports) by Paul Collier, V. L Elliott, Havard Hegre, Anke Hoeffler, Marta Reynal-Querol, Nicholas Sambanis