Download e-book for kindle: Biofuels, Air Pollution, and Health: A Global Review by Kirk R. Smith

By Kirk R. Smith

ISBN-10: 1461282314

ISBN-13: 9781461282310

ISBN-10: 1461308917

ISBN-13: 9781461308911

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Extra resources for Biofuels, Air Pollution, and Health: A Global Review

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In summary, across the world, biofuels are the most important fuels in terms of the number of people affected. In energy content, they are the most important fuels in many poor countries, although second to the fossil fuels on a global basis. They are used principally at the household level for cooking and space heating. Furthermore, they are likely to remain important for much of humanity for many decades. 2. BIOFUEL COMBUSTION AND AIR POLLUTION In the presently more developed countries (MDCs), the evolution of environmental science and public environmental consciousness in their Recognition of the Problem 9 modern forms followed well after industrialization, the rise in living standards, and lowering of the high mortality and morbidity rates that once resulted from the traditional killers-poor sanitation, poor nutrition, and infectious diseases.

While a full understanding of the chemistry, environmental behavior, and health effects of biofuel smoke might require addressing the entire mixture of pollutants, the knowledge base is too weak at present for this effort. Consequently it is necessary to single out those species that seem most likely to be major factors in producing health impacts. The woodsmoke literature has focused upon three in this regard-earbon monoxide, particulates, and polycyclic organic matter. In this report one additional pollutant has been added, formaldehyde.

Major reviews of carbon monoxide air pollution have been published by USNRC (1977a), WHO (1979a), USEPA (1979), and Shephard (1983). 2. Particulates (TSP and RSP) Suspended particles in the atmosphere can be described in terms of their chemical compositions, size distributions, sources, impacts, or the particular methods used to measure them. A number of names are in use by different disciplines for different kinds of particles. S. National Research Council (1979) lists some of these names and their common definitions.

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Biofuels, Air Pollution, and Health: A Global Review by Kirk R. Smith

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