Mitsuaki Shimojo (auth.)'s Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation PDF

By Mitsuaki Shimojo (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230505384

ISBN-13: 9780230505384

ISBN-10: 1349519014

ISBN-13: 9781349519019

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Extra info for Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation

Example text

The passage reactivates the referent recurrently. Second, a variety of propositions contained therein – “X recently graduated from a college,” “X aspired to write novels,” etc. ” Hence, the focusing of the referent occurs also by way of activation by association via these propositions. Contrary to the saliency of the topical referent, referents such as “a college” and “novels” are not rendered salient. They are activated at the time they are processed; however, the activation of these referents decays quickly because there is no continued activation of these referents.

A. My CAR broke down. b. /E la mia MACCHINA che si è rotta. c. C’est ma VOITURE qui est en panne. d. KURUMA ga kosyoosita. 24 Previous Studies on the Six Argument Encoding Types 25 (3) SENTENCE-FOCUS STRUCTURE What happened? a. My CAR broke down. b. Mi si è rotta (ROTTA) la MACCHINA. c. J’ai ma VOITURE qui est en PANNE. d. KURUMA ga KOSYOO-sita. The functional contrast of wa and ga shown in Lambrecht’s examples is as follows. e. g. Matsushita (1930), Mikami (1963), Kuno (1972, 1973), Ono (1973), Chafe (1976), Hinds & Hinds (1979), Inoue (1980), and Hinds (1984, 1987).

10 It then follows that when a referring expression is encountered in discourse, if it is not already activated, the mental representation of the referent must be activated (or reactivated), requiring some activation cost. If the referring expression has been activated, the mental representation of the referent is either in one’s cognitive focus or at least readily accessible, thus readily available for the current processing. There are at least two mechanisms for information to be activated: focusing and activation by association.

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Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation by Mitsuaki Shimojo (auth.)


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