Download e-book for kindle: America's Backyard: The United States and Latin America from by Grace Livingstone

By Grace Livingstone

ISBN-10: 1848132131

ISBN-13: 9781848132139

ISBN-10: 184813214X

ISBN-13: 9781848132146

Utilizing newly-declassified records, Grace Livingstone finds the U.S. function within the darkest sessions of Latin American background together with Pinochet's coup in Chile, the Contra struggle in Nicaragua and the demise squads in El Salvador. She exhibits how the U.S. management used the struggle on Terror as a brand new pretext for intervention and the way it attempted to destabilize leftwing governments and thrust back the 'pink tide' washing around the Americas.  America's yard additionally has chapters on medications, financial system and tradition. It explains why U.S. drug coverage has prompted common environmental harm, but did not decrease the availability of cocaine and appears on the U.S. financial stake in Latin the USA and the options of the massive businesses. this present day Latin americans are tough recognize and an finish to the Washington Consensus. Will the White residence hear?

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Extra info for America's Backyard: The United States and Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror

Example text

The antidictatorial struggle necessarily had a anti-US tinge, because the dictator Batista had been groomed by the US. Anti-imperialism in this context could not help but be anti-Yankee; a yearning for sovereignty meant a yearning for independence from the US. Castro was above all a nationalist who saw himself completing the task started by THE GUATEMALAN COUP AND THE CUBAN REVOLUTION / 31 Cuba’s independence leader, José Martí. 8 The manifesto of Fidel’s 26th of July Movement called for an end to ‘the colonial mentality’; ‘foreign economic domination’; ‘political corruption’ and ‘military intemperance’.

The revolutionary government had no links with the official communist party, which had labelled the MNR ‘pro-fascist’ during the Second World War. Unlike in Guatemala, US investors had no large landholdings in Bolivia, so were not affected by the government’s land reforms. US investors owned a 20 per cent stake in one of the three large tin mining companies that were nationalized, but the Bolivian government paid generous compensation to the former owners. Tin was of strategic value to the US, but there was no danger of supplies being cut off; on the contrary, the Bolivian government was desperate for foreign exchange and urged the US government to sign long-term sales agreements.

The Kennedy administration had envisaged that enlightened but anticommunist governments would carry out its reforms, taking the Christian Democrats in Chile and Acción Democrática in Venezuela as ideal examples. But there was a distinct lack of this type of middle-class party in Latin America, and where such parties did exist they did not have the political strength or the inclination to challenge the privileges of the oligarchy. At the same time, Washington felt threatened when the peasantry and trade unions agitated for reforms.

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America's Backyard: The United States and Latin America from the Monroe Doctrine to the War on Terror by Grace Livingstone


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