Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings by Alberdina Houtman PDF

By Alberdina Houtman

ISBN-10: 9004178422

ISBN-13: 9789004178427

This research explores the potential for utilizing variation readings of the Targum of the Prophets to recover perception into the beginning and background of Targum Jonathan. The ebook turns out to be useful for the examine of the genesis of Targum Jonathan and its later advancements.

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Additional info for Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan

Sample text

B. ) 1962, 94–96, 193–215. 11 P. de Lagarde, Prophetae Chaldaice, Göttingen 1872, repr. Osnabrück 1967. 12 This is probably a passive participle of √‫‘ פלג‬differing in opinion’. Bacher connects it to the talmudic expression ‫‘ פלוגתא‬different opinion’ (work cited in note 13 on this page). The word is always written after the variant. 13 ‘Kritische Untersuchungen zum Prophetentargum’, ZDMG 28 (1874), 1–72. 14 Bacher, ‘Kritische Untersuchungen’, at 35: ‘1) Die vorwiegend agadische Gruppe (‫)ספר אחר ;]תרג' אחר[ תרגום ירושלמי‬, bei welcher schon die Benennungen auf eine von der gewöhnlichen verschiedene Version schliessen lassen.

G. A. D. York, ‘The Targum in the Synagogue and in the School’, JSJ 10 (1979), 74–86; Alexander, ‘The Targumim and the Rabbinic Rules for the Delivery of the Targum’, 14–28; R. Kasher, ‘The Aramaic Targumim and Their Sitz im Leben’, 9th WCJS: Panel Sessions Bible Studies and Ancient Near East, Jerusalem 1988, 75–85, esp. 75–77; Z. Safrai, ‘The Origins of Reading the Aramaic Targum in Synagogue’, Immanuel 24 / 25 (1990), 187–93; Idem, ‘The Targums as Part of Rabbinic Literature’, 245–49; Smelik, The Targum of Judges, 31–39.

The additions cannot be removed without distorting the text severely. Notwithstanding, the meaning stays close to the original intention of the text. Finally, there are also cases that formally belong to this same category, but where the result of the targumic operation renders a drastic turn, or even a total rewriting, of the original meaning. This is the case, for instance, in the Targum of Canticles. In this Targum a new midrash-type story, which tells of the relationship between God and Israel, is created out of the biblical text.

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Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan by Alberdina Houtman


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