Download PDF by Herbert S. Klein: African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Herbert S. Klein

ISBN-10: 019503838X

ISBN-13: 9780195038385

ISBN-10: 1429401001

ISBN-13: 9781429401005

A number one authority on Latin American slavery has produced a tremendous and unique paintings at the topic. masking not just Spanish but in addition Portuguese and French areas, and encompassing the newest study at the plantation process in addition to on mining and the city adventure, the publication brings jointly the new findings on demography, the slave alternate, the development of the slave group and Afro-American tradition. The publication additionally sheds new mild at the techniques of lodging and uprising and the event of emancipation. Klein first strains the evolution of slavery and compelled exertions structures in Europe, Africa, and the USA, after which depicts the lifestyles and tradition which a few twelve million slaves transported from Africa over 5 centuries reviews within the Latin American and Caribbean areas. specific emphasis is at the evolution of the sugar plantation financial system, the only greatest consumer of African slave exertions. The booklet examines makes an attempt of the African and American-born slaves to create a potential and self reliant tradition, together with their version of ecu languages, religions, or even kinship platforms to their very own wishes. Klein additionally describes the kind and depth of slave rebellions. eventually the booklet considers the $64000 and differing function of the ''free colored'' below slavery, noting the original scenario of the Brazilian unfastened coloured in addition to the bizarre mobility of the unfastened coloured within the French West Indies. The ebook concludes with a glance on the post-emancipation integration styles within the various societies, reading the relative good fortune of the ex-slaves in acquiring regulate over land and escaping from the outdated plantation regimes.

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As once again slaves became a major factor in agricultural production within the European context, Portuguese interest in its African trade slowly shifted from a concern with gold and ivory to one primarily stressing slaves. As long as the Portuguese concentrated their efforts in the regions of Senegambia and the Gold Coast, they essentially integrated themselves into the existing network of Muslim traders. The Muslims had brought these coasts into their own trade networks, and the Portuguese tapped into them through navigable rivers which went into the interior, especially the Senegal and Gambia rivers.

That Africans were the cheapest available slaves at this time was due to the opening up of the West African coast by the Portuguese. Given the steady export of West African gold and ivories, and the development of Portugal's enormous Asiatic trading empire, the commercial relations between western Africa and Europe now became common and cheap. Western Africans brought by sea had already replaced all other ethnic and religious groups in the European slave markets by the 16th century. Although Iberians initially enslaved Canary Islanders, these were later freed, as were the few Indians who were brought from America.

They could also use the African slaves to make up for the lack of an urban-poor labor force among the Spaniards in the new imperial cities of America. They found African slaves useful for the very reasons that they were kinless and totally mobile laborers. Indians could be exploited systematically but they could not be moved from their lands on a permanent basis. Being the dominant cultural group, they 25 African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean were also relatively impervious to Spanish and European norms of behavior.

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African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean by Herbert S. Klein


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