By Toby Stock, Toby Stock
"Advances in Taxation" publishes articles facing all elements of taxation. Articles can handle tax coverage matters on the federal, country, neighborhood, or overseas point. The sequence essentially publishes empirical stories that handle compliance, desktop utilization, schooling, criminal, making plans, or coverage matters. those experiences ordinarily contain interdisciplinary examine that includes theories from accounting, economics, finance, psychology, and sociology.
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Additional info for Advances in Taxation, Volume 19
S. residents in the panels constructed using both year tÀ1 and year t Number of returns eliminated because in year tÀ1 or in year ta.  Adjusted gross income Z $200,000  At least one spouse age Z 65  Special tax computations  Income from other than wages or investments  A spouse with earned incomeo$2,000 Table 1. More Evidence from Tax Return Data 37 38 CHARLES R. ENIS the same number of observations. Included in these annual subpanels are 506 returns that meet the speciﬁed criteria for all years from 1982 to 1985 and thus make up a balanced and pooled subpanel.
Although this does not guarantee, the IRS will accept the position if audited, unless it is deemed to be frivolous, the taxpayer will not be subject to prosecution for tax evasion. 5. We believe that both taxpayers who itemize and those who take the standard deduction should be familiar with common deductions, to make an informed decision regarding whether or not to itemize. On the contrary, we acknowledge the possibility that taxpayers who do not itemize may have different preconceptions regarding IRS detection probabilities than taxpayers who do.
DATA, METHODOLOGY, AND VARIABLES Data and Model Speciﬁcation The Panel of Individual Returns for years 1982–1985 provided the data for this study. These are IRS SOI data and are part of the Ernst & Young/ University of Michigan Tax Research Data Base. For detailed discussions of this database, see Crum (1991). 2 I constructed targeted subpanels (hereafter subpanels) to limit my sample to married ﬁling joint returns eligible for the maximum IRA deduction ($4,000) and whose only sources of income were from employment (salaries and wages) and investments (interest, dividends, and capital gains).
Advances in Taxation, Volume 19 by Toby Stock, Toby Stock