By Keith W. Waldron
This ebook offers a finished and systematic reference at the complicated biomass restoration and conversion techniques utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the e-book experiences advancements in biorefining tactics, via a evaluation of alternative kinds of biorefinery platform. the second one 1/2 the e-book discusses the wide variety of further price items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.
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Extra info for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
A strong economic business case can be made for integrating the production of conventional biomass products with new ‘bio-products’. This can provide new employment opportunities, and benefit the local and global environment by the recycling of biomaterials or significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions to reach a very low carbon footprint. Moving towards a future green bioeconomy that the world requires will enable heat, power, biofuels and materials resulting from the traditional use of biomass feedstocks to be complemented by adding value through the new and emerging bio-product technologies.
It has been reported that at this precise point and under microwave heating conditions, the rate of decomposition of the amorphous part of cellulose increases due to in-situ pseudo acid catalysis, yielding a char and bio-oil of superior properties compared to those produced when using conventional heating methods. 1, two additional definitions need to be highlighted in this chapter: the term ‘biorefinery’ and the term ‘bioprocessing’. A biorefinery is an analogue to the current petro-refinery, in the sense it produces energy and chemicals.
2009; Kamm and Kamm, 2004). 3. Phase I biorefineries focus on the conversion of one feedstock, using one process and targeting one product. A biodiesel production plant would be a good example of a phase I biorefinery: rapeseed or sunflower is used for oil extraction, which is subsequently transesterified to produce fatty acid methyl esters or biodiesel using methanol and a catalyst (Shahid and Jamal, 2011). Phase II biorefineries differ from phase I biorefineries by the number of outputs they can produce.
Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron