A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century by Christopher Hamlin PDF

By Christopher Hamlin

ISBN-10: 0520070887

ISBN-13: 9780520070882

A technology of Impurity is the 1st designated background of the mobilization of chemistry (and later bacteriology) to fulfill the general public call for for reliable water. It additionally deals a standpoint on figuring out how sleek actual sciences are tapped to make sure public solid.
A technological know-how of Impurity explores the social framework during which chemists got here to paintings on difficulties of water caliber, the innovations they used to check the surroundings, their conclusions and their function in facing a nervous public.
For historians of technological know-how, researchers and planners within the water undefined.

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Both the water analysis and the affinity tables reflected the confidence that nature, at the level chemists studied her, was as intelligently organized and rigidly differentiated as it was at the organismic level studied by Bergman's colleague, Linnaeus. '40 This confidence in order and simplicity was to be short-lived. Bergman's protocol was neat, simple, and elegant, but it didn't always work. Beginning with A F de Fourcroy, and followed by Richard Kirwan, Martin Heinrich Klaproth, and Fourcroy's assistant and successor, Nicholas Vauquelin, almost every analytical chemist of stature found some reason to disagree with details of Bergman's system.

The only certain information that Murray offered them they weren't interested in knowing: knowledge of the acids and bases in a mineral water was of little help to physicians convinced that salts were the active ingredients. The first quarter of the nineteenth century was a growth period for British spas, especially in the years when war limited access to continental resorts. In their struggles against established spas, proprietors of the new resorts looked to chemistry for legitimation, not for unresolvable epistemic quandries.

13 (1860): 80-4; H M Noad, 'Analysis of the Saline Water of Purton near Swindon, North Wilts,' Q. J. Chem. Soc. 14 (1861): 43; Barratt, 'Analysis of the Water of Holywell, North Wales,'* pp 52-4; Northcote, 'On the Water of the River Severn at Worcester,'* p 255; Edward T Bennett, 'Analysis of the Thames water at Greenwich,' Q. J. Chem. Soc. 2 (1849): 199. The problem, of course, is that not all those using the phrase used the same 'usual' method (Cf R Phillips, 'Analyses of Two Sulphurous Springs near Plymouth,'* p 158).

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A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century Britain by Christopher Hamlin

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