A brief history of Central America by Lynn V. Foster PDF

By Lynn V. Foster

ISBN-10: 081606671X

ISBN-13: 9780816066711

ISBN-10: 1438108230

ISBN-13: 9781438108230

A quick background of relevant the USA, moment version explores the background of the principal American isthmus from the pre-Columbian cultures to the modern international locations that make up the sector at the present time: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. This moment version brings the historical past of the area modern with new advancements, together with contemporary elections, the continuing fight with the aftermath of the civil wars, and the influence of the unfastened alternate contract signed with the us in 2003/2004.

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Soon thereafter, extraordinary repoussé gold disks and copper and gold bells were thrown as offerings into the sacred well of Chichén Itzá. Many of the gold items retrieved by archaeologists from the well were from Costa Rica; quite a number were clearly made in Mesoamerican designs for export, rather than for local isthmian use. Although Nicaragua and Costa Rica continued to trade gold to Mesoamerica until the 16th century, Mexican metallurgists, especially those from Oaxaca, produced exceptional gold jewelry.

Both rulers and farmers governed their lives by the prognostications of the sacred calendar. The sacred calendar, so essential to the pre-Columbian world order, has not yet lost its authority: in Quiché Mayan towns, such as Momostenango in Guatemala, venerated “daykeepers” divine the future and determine religious festivities based on the 260-day count. Studying the movements of the heavens, the Mayans were fascinated by cycles, and especially overlapping cycles. For example, they delighted in noting that the eclipse tables equaled 46 rounds of the 260-day calendar.

The Nicoya Peninsula, at the crossroads to regions farther to the south, was also important to the Mesoamerican world. Nicaraguan and Costa Rican chiefdoms probably served as intermediaries in trade with the south—a considerable amount of imported gold has been found at Nicaraguan sites in the lakes region and imported carved jade has been excavated in Costa Rica. Pearls from the Gulf of Nicoya and cacao from the fertile coast added to the region’s attraction as a trade center. The lower isthmus, more aloof from Mesoamerica than its northern counterparts, had many highly valued commodities: gold, pendants of semiprecious stones, such as agate and opal, and spondylus shells harvested from the bottom of the Caribbean Sea by divers.

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A brief history of Central America by Lynn V. Foster

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